However, it’s important to understand what an encaustic tile is and what a cement tile is. The names get confused by everyone even by tile manufactures and tile vendors. Both tiles are un-glazed; but, there are very important differences. Encaustic tile is generally frost-proof and can be used in any outdoor applications. Cement tile can't be used in locations subjected to hard freezes and is more commonly found in Mediterranean or tropical climates. Now you know why I ask what tile you are looking for and where it will be used?
Encaustic tiles are made of two or more colors of clay which are inlaid together to create the pattern. Then the tiles are fired. Encaustic tiles have been around since medieval times but encaustic tile as an art form reached its apex in the mid 1800s when renowned maker, Minton's Ltd, became the supplier of durable decorative finishes for walls and floors in churches, public buildings, and grand palaces. Even the U.S. Capitol sports a Minton encaustic tile floor.
Cement tiles are made of concrete and the color in the pattern comes from mineral pigments which are mixed and poured into a mold. The mold is removed and the gray cement is fills the rest of the tile body, then the tile is hydraulically pressed and the tile is cured for about three weeks. This method was developed in the mid-19th century and hasn't changed much since then.
To be even more accurate, cement tiles should be called concrete tiles because cement is one of the materials used to make concrete. However, I’d be thrilled if folks wouldn't call them encaustic cement tiles - because no such tile exists.
There's two other posts that help explain the “Difference between Encaustic and Cement” tile by Zoe Voigt on her Tile Style blog; and “Cuban tile isn't encaustic, it's cement. It's not really cement either, it's concrete,” by Paul Anater on his Kitchen and Residential Design blog.
We hope this post has helped you understand the difference between encaustic and cement tile. It is important to make sure you know what tile you want and what will work best for your installation. I hope your new year is off to a great start, too! If you have questions about cement or encaustic tiles, post a comment below and we'll find an answer.